“Love is a complex issue because it is linked and is part of emotions, feelings, passions, sexuality, gender relations; it is also present in the processes of socialization and survival of the species.”
Francis Munoz Munoz
With this paper we intend to maintain the discourse of concepts such as the construction of peace and the power of love as a methodology to better understand the development of the definition of imperfect peace from the perception of the writings of Francisco Muñoz and its relationship with those of San Juan de la Cruz.
In the name of love, or more specifically in the name of its ways of understanding it (patriarchal, heteronormative, westernized and violent) at many moments in history, various groups (fundamentally women and the LGTBIQ+ group) have been socially and individually subordinated and objectified. to the extreme of limiting their autonomy and freedom, when not ending their very existence.
One of the perspectives of the study of love for a better understanding of the construction of peace in a methodological and historical sense is the one that comes from the criticism and denunciation of the violent aspects derived from the concept of western romantic love.
From the perspective of the historian and researcher of Peace, starting from the epistemological and ontological turn that is an intrinsic part of imperfect peace, it is intended to address this issue with the intention of making a broader and more plural proposal, even being aware of the strength and presence that romantic love has had and still has for a part of humanity.
The purpose of this study is, without a doubt, to investigate how love has participated in the creation of an “order” that is fundamentally peaceful and facilitates the fair and equitable development of human beings: the Ordo Amoris.
Love is a word with diverse meanings, many of which must be traced back to its Latin etymology of love-oris, which can be translated as affection, tenderness, affection in general, passion, desire, eagerness, inclination towards someone, the country, friends, towards oneself; as sensuality, to the fact of finding something pleasant, feeling obligated, grateful to someone, being pleased with; It also refers to locutions or forms of courtesy. This polysemy is joined by the position that religions, arts, philosophies and sciences have made in this regard.
In any case, love, in its various forms, is an important way of facilitating mediation of interpersonal relationships. Loving must have been a central emotion present throughout the evolution and history of human beings, being of vital importance for the preservation of their identity, fundamentally because it facilitates the development of their capacities.
From the teaching and study of Imperfect Peace, love has been studied, among other ways, in the context of hominid peace and pacifist empowerment, that is, with history as a species and with the capacities for awareness of the power of peace to transform reality.
Almost always the divinities of love were identified as feminine, as goddesses in whose identity love, fertility, nature or protection of their communities, among others, were intertwined. Thus, for example, Gandhi affirmed that love is the most subtle force in the world and “the Truth” (Sathya) implies love and engenders firmness (agraha) and is therefore a synonym for force. From the union of those words came satyagraha which is like saying the force born of truth and love of non-violence.
During the 16th century Saint John of the Cross talks about how to express the growth of love, from the most imperfect to the least imperfect, using the degree as a measure. It is a very frequent resource among mystics. Saint John of the Cross refers to the degrees of love with different numbers. Sometimes he speaks of seven degrees, and other times of ten degrees of love. This imperfect walking is a serene and peaceful process, since you don’t have to achieve a certain degree of perfection to find rest. To begin to love is to place oneself in a place of calm and peace, as these Sanjuanist words of Sayings of Light and Love:
“The soul that walks in love neither tires nor gets tired. The soul in love is a soft, meek, humble and patient soul.
In conclusion, love is the most important virtue, it sinks its roots in the depths of the human being, and leads the person he loves to full maturity. Love manifests itself in human actions and is understandable in its content and motivations, but it is not manipulated by human interests. Some of love remains silent and obscure, and requires the respect and reverence that corresponds to that which is not fully encompassed by human measures and categories.
love is polysemous
The experience of human love, the one that all people deserve, that of the couple or the one that awakens charity before the needy, and that of divine love, typical of the mystics, have the same source. The experience of human love is the reference that the mystic has to understand and communicate what he lives in divine love.
And the love experience of the mystic is the reference that love sinks its roots in the depths of being. The love of the mystic helps to better understand the transcendence of human love experienced by the person who loves.
Love is complex and, as it has been defended at the beginning of the writing, the concept has been approached and can be approached from multiple academic and artistic disciplines throughout the history of humanity and, therefore, it has participated and has been seen influenced by the prevailing epistemological and ontological models. Among them, those that present a clear androcentric bias stand out and that have served to justify the different and multiple expressions of machismo.
In the name of a certain type of love, other forms of love other than those prescribed socioculturally by the patriarchal system have been marginalized, prohibited and harassed. Fortunately, violence is not perfect, it does not occupy all the space in human relations and there have been, are and will be other forms of love tending towards dissidence and the celebration of diversity.