The paradox of the broad front of Yolanda Díaz: leaving the corset of political parties from political parties

The ‘broad front’ has been installed for some months as a concept of enormous consensus on the Spanish left. It has done so for various reasons (some of them symbolic and related to the history of the term), but the main one, perhaps, is that it allows us to avoid the specific reference to acronyms and party structures.

The “width” of this front allows to break corsets and goes beyond any pre-established categorization. So even though Yolanda Diaz It is not very given to using this concept, the majority of leaders of the left have coined it with absolute normality and they use it every time they refer to the political project that the second vice president of the Government wants to build.

However, even if the term broad front does not require it, it is impossible to avoid the political parties and the role they are destined to play in this project. Díaz herself has spoken on several occasions about the formations and, more precisely, has pointed out that the self-absorption with the so-called organicity can be contradictory with the launch of its platform.

Today it is known that the objective of the Minister of Labor is to launch in 2022 a process of listening to civil society that allows it to articulate a country project, far removed from acronyms and party structures for the moment. In this sense, Díaz has tried to distance himself from the battles and difficulties related to the “organic” of the political formations (acronyms, positions, electoral lists …) since he understands that this would reduce the role of civil society and political content concrete on which to base its broad forehead.

In fact, in one of her last interviews, the vice president has defended that “Machiavelli, who defined a very hierarchical power, must be deconstructed. Parties are a very small thing in our country, and today they are an obstacle. Social constructions are of the people and should be otherwise. “

For some, this distancing from political formations It does not imply a challenge to the system or that Díaz aspires to revolutionize party structuresRather, it responds rather to the vice president’s objective of being able to create the appropriate setting for a debate on political content that does not revolve around issues such as electoral lists or the specific name that a candidacy must bear.

“Benefits and costs” of political parties

However, this discourse on the “vices” of the parties has generated some reactions in the United We Can space itself. A few days after the interview with Díaz, the Minister of Equality and one of the main leaders of Podemos, Irene Montero, defended before the militancy of his organization (many of them municipal positions that represent their initials in towns and small cities) the usefulness of the parties.

“Political militancy and collective organization is the only tool to advance and achieve rights. No matter how imperfect the party structures are, they are the ones that allow us to build collectively,” said the Minister of Equality.

For experts in the field, the debate generated around the role of the parties in Yolanda Díaz’s broad front, far from being a novelty, is a “recurring” theme.

The doctor in Political Science from the University of Oxford and professor at the Carlos III University of Madrid, Ignacio Jurado, points out that “parties bring you benefits and costs; the costs of building on parties that already exist are, at times, leading the debate to vices and demands for power, and the more (Díaz) integrates those parties, the more limited it becomes. to be at the time of, for example, make a transversal speech or appeal to voters not so politically significant “.

However, in turn, says Jurado, “I find it difficult to think that she aspires to a platform in which the parties are on a totally secondary level and only provide the part of mobilization and structure without the costs that this normally involves. It is a bit of wanting the good without wanting the bad, and the bad goes in the pack; articulating a platform in which, for example, Podemos is very visible, reduces room for maneuver to appeal to certain voters and have certain alliances. But the lists and the quotas will also exist, the key is who decides them “.

The political scientist and advisor to The Cimera Marina Pla, considers that “the construction of the broad front advocated by Yolanda Díaz, rather than a coalition or sum of acronyms, seems an attempt to overcome the electoral limits that the party acronyms have set.”

“Basically, Yolanda Díaz’s movements challenge an audience outside of that of the organs of the parties that make up the possible coalition; it is a matter of circumventing the procedures of the internal organization of the parties (with their militant cadres and their positions public) to build, from above, by popular acclamation, a new electoral war machine “, assures the political scientist.

In this sense, Díaz has an important challenge that, far from being a novelty, is part of a recurring debate on the left: get over party corsets, moving away from the central debate the “organic battles”, from the very base and structure of the political formations themselves.

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