More than 4,000 civilians have died in almost 100 days of war in Ukraine

On February 24, the Russian invasion of Ukraine began. Since then 4,074 civilians have lost their lives, according to figures released Tuesday by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. According to data updated on May 30, among the fatalities are 1,014 women, 1,540 men, 93 girls and 100 boys, as well as 69 minors and 1,258 adults whose sex has yet to be identified.

The UN also specified that among the injured there are 971 men, 653 women, 112 girls and 137 boys, as well as 166 minors and 2,787 adults of still unknown sex.

The United Nations report indicates that the most affected regions are Donetsk Y Lugansk, belonging to Donbas, located in the east of the country and where they have occurred 5,037 casualties between dead and wounded (2,307 and 2,730, respectively). The Donbas is the territory that the Kremlin has always sought to control, which has caused the fighting to intensify in recent weeks.

96 days of occupation and 4,074 dead civilians is the balance of the war

According to kyiv, the number of dead in Donbas reaches 2,171 and the number of wounded totals 2,161. For its part, in the areas controlled by Russia there have been 136 deaths and 569 injuries. This data includes casualties of Russian troops from 04:00 local time on the starting day (February 24) to 24:00 on May 29.

In other regions of Ukraine spread throughout the country (Cherkassy, ​​Chernigov, Kharkiv, Kherson, kyiv, Mykolaiv, Odessa, Sumy, Zaporizhia, Dnipropetrovsk, Poltava, Rivne, Vinnytsia and Zhytomyr), under the control of the kyiv Government when the casualties the deceased already totaled 1,767 and the wounded 2,096.

The credibility of the figures

The UN reports are based on information provided by the UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine. This compiled the necessary information through interviews with victims and their families, witnesses, analysis of material shared confidentially with the agency itself, official records, open source documents, photographic and video materials, and forensic records and reports, among others.

Despite being sufficiently reliable evidence, all the sources and information collected are evaluated for their credibility and relevance and they are compared with other information collected by the media, among others. In some cases, corroboration may take time; therefore, figures may change as more information becomes available. Conclusions about civilian casualties can be revised as more information becomes available and the time factor determines any information in a conflict, according to the Agency office.

The real number is “noticeably higher” according to the UN

The UN believes that the real figures are considerably higher, since the reception of information has been delayed in some parts of the country, coinciding with the places where hostilities have occurred with greater intensity. Therefore, the result is that many reports are still pending confirmation.

The use of explosive weapons, heavy artillery shelling and missile air strikes are the cause of casualties.

Most of the casualties that have been recorded among the civilian population have to do with the use of explosive weapons with a wide impact area, including multiple rocket launch systems, heavy artillery shelling and air strikes with missiles.

This affects, among others, the beleaguered port city of Mariupol (in the Donetsk region), to Izium (Kharkov region) and Popasna (Lugansk region), where there are reports of numerous unaccounted for civilian casualties.

The latest advances on the front

The Kremlin has carried out counter-attacks in southern Ukraine on Tuesday in order to recover some strategic villages in Donbas. Since Russian troops stormed the streets of Severodonetsk on Monday, Moscow has announced that it has taken full control of one of the two key Donbas provinces; Luhansk. The Russian Army has released some images through the agency euronews in which Russian soldiers appear advancing without resistance through the oblast from Luhansk.

For his part, the head of the Lugansk Regional Administration, the Ukrainian Serhiy Haidadhas denied this information, pointing out that they only own a “part” of the city and that Russian forces “are being pushed back.” However, the Government of kyiv recognizes that the situation in the city is increasingly complex.

The main objective of the Kremlin is to gain total control of Donbas

The Ukrainian Armed Forces have ensured that Putin is preparing a “large-scale” attack on the city of Sloviansk, also located in Donbas. His goal is to complete the entire takeover of the region, but first he needs to take over this city.

Meanwhile, the Ukrainian counterattacks are constant, and according to sources in kyiv, “the enemy does not achieve any major advance.” The cities that Ukraine intends to control in the south are Mykolaiv and the already besieged Kherson.

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