This Saturday, authorities of India confirmed that the probe Aditya-L1 reached the orbit of the Sun, after making a four-month trip, and they celebrated that formidable milestone as “the latest success of the ambitious space program” of the most populated country in the world.
The Aditya-L1 probe will be used to explore solar activity and was launched in September, with “a series of instruments that will measure and observe the outermost layers of the sun“. It is the first mission from an Asian country that manages to reach the orbit of the central star of the solar system.
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“The probe has already reached its final orbit and will allow us to unravel more mysteries of the Sun-Earth connection”the Indian Minister of Science and Technology said on social networks, Jitendra Singh.
For his part, the prime minister Narendra Mondi He called the event another feat in India’s space program and declared that “This is a true testament to the relentless dedication” of all its scientists. “We will continue to explore new scientific frontiers for the benefit of humanity”he added.
“Aditya”, which means Sun in Hindi, traveled 1.5 million kilometers from Earth, just 1% of the distance between the planet inhabited by humans and the star of the Solar System.
The Indian Government explained that the probe “it is located at a point where the gravitational force of the two celestial bodies cancel each other, allowing it to remain in a stable orbit around the Sun” and recalled that the objective of the mission is “to shed light on other solar phenomena through obtaining images and the measurement of particles in the upper atmosphere of the sun”.
The orbiter, which would have cost 48 million dollarswill dedicate himself to studying the coronal mass ejectionsa periodic phenomenon that produces enormous discharges of plasma and magnetic energy from the Sun’s atmosphere, which can reach the Earth and affect the operation of satellites.
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India’s special program has a relatively modest budget, although it has grown significantly since the country first sent a probe into lunar orbit in 2008. Additionally, in August it became the first country to land a probe. unmanned spacecraft near the lunar south pole.
India was also the first Asian country to put a ship in orbit around Mars in 2014 and is working to launch a three-day crewed mission to Earth orbit this year.